Moroccan GovernmentH.M. King Mohammed VI has ruled Morocco since the death of his father, King Hassan II, in July 1999. The latest ruler in a long dynastic line of Alawites, Mohammed VI is Morocco’s constitutional monarch and – because of His direct lineage with Prophet Mohammed, the founder of Islam – also serves as His country’s spiritual and moral guide.
During Hassan II’s 38-year reign, He introduced an elected chamber to the Parliament and endorsed multi-party politics. Today, the government is supported by a bicameral Parliament whose lower house consists of 325 members in the Majlis an-Nuwad (Chamber of Representatives), elected by popular vote for five-year terms; and the 270-seat Chamber of Advisors in the upper house, whose members are chosen for 9-year terms from professional associations, trade unions, and elected local councils. The Parliament is responsible for writing laws and earmarking funds for matters relating to society and the economy.
There are 29 officially recognized political parties in Morocco. The political leaning of a majority of these parties is left of center, but several parties – including the Movement Populaire, the country’s largest – are pro-monarchy. Islamists are represented by the Parti de la Justice et du Developement.
The King retains the authority to appoint or dismiss the Prime Minister and members of his cabinet. He also has the power to dissolve the legislature.
Since ascending to the throne in July 1999, H.M. King Mohammed VI has taken unprecedented steps to make the manner in which Morocco is governed more transparent and democratic.